Origins of Moroccan Hashish
Although Moroccan hash is often considered an ancient and traditional product by many Europeans, the truth is that Hashish culture in Morocco It is relatively young, especially compared to the traditional producing countries of this cannabis concentrate. In fact, while producing hashish in areas like Middle East Y Central Asia Dating back centuries, this technique had not been used in North Africa until the second half of the 20th century, when Western travelers of the "Hippy Hashish Trail" brought the dry sieving technique to Morocco from Lebanon and Afghanistan.
These travelers, most of them from the USA. UU., Visited countries where cannabis, hashish, opium and other drugs were traditionally produced, enjoying the freedom that could be found at that time in some parts of the world. Lebanon, Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India – and Kashmir – or Nepal were mandatory stops on this incredible and exotic route. That's where some of these travelers were taught ancient techniques to produce dry sieve, which were then improved to reach industrial production levels. Shortly after, some of these travelers visited Morocco and taught the locals about How to make hashish with cannabis plants and how to prepare it for export.
While the origins of cannabis cultivation in Morocco can go back several centuries, it was probably introduced during the Arab invasions, between VII and XV, hashish did not occur in this area until these Westerners from Asia and the Middle East told Moroccans on the sieving of cannabis plants. . Before that, Moroccans smoked mainly charm (also called kif, kifi, etc.) with its sebsi pipes, which was a mixture of dried and ground herbs like tobacco and cannabis. Hashish could also be found in small quantities, although it was often Lebanese or Argelian hash, the latter in very small quantities.
From the climatic conditions and cannabis varieties in Morocco, Lebanon and Afghanistan are quite similar, it is not surprising that Moroccans have adopted their dry sieving techniques instead of other methods, such as charas or rubbing your hands: it is often used in wet areas such as Nepal, Kashmir or northern India. Most cannabis fields were transferred to mountainous area called Rif, to the northeast of the country, where farmers and producers could work without much trouble from the authorities. The locals were also taught about the main production and export techniques, so Morocco soon became the first source of hashish for the European market and challenged Afghanistan as the world's leading producer of hashish.
Traditional technical Moroccan hashish
The phenotype traditionally cultivated in Morocco was of medium-short height, with few lateral branches and a prominent main stem. Cultivation conditions were usually harsh, with poor soils, very high temperatures and little irrigation. Most of the plants used to hashish production they were completely sown, and many of them showed hermaphroditic (monoecious) features. The plants are often dried on the roofs of houses in broad sunlight (a very aggressive drying technique still used by some farmers today) and not "washed" before sieving, which usually results in resins of Low quality with a significant amount of contaminants.
Once dried, they would place a mesh covering a bucket or similar container and place the plants in the mesh. Everything was wrapped with some plastic and the whipped plants with sticks to release the resin glands, which would pass through the sieve holes and be collected at the bottom of the container. They soon realized that the ground material produces more than uninterrupted plants, at the expense of further contaminating the resin.
The resulting material was pressed by hand (in the case of superior qualities) or placed inside cellophane bags, weighed (usually 250 g per bag) and pressed with industrial press. If necessary, they would heat the pressing plates to facilitate the process, especially with lower qualities, before applying a pressure of several tons and creating their popular hash bricks. Other times, the resin was pressed into small oval pieces, often called "acorns" or "eggs." In this way, it was much easier to ingest them and go through border controls without being noticed. You can also find pieces of Moroccan hashish with various shapes and weights, which have been adapted to the chosen ones. smuggling method.
The best qualities were often reserved for the locals and the producers themselves, while the Rif area exported tens of tons of commercial hashish (of maximum average quality) to Europe from Morocco and Algeria, mainly using Spain as an entry point. Traditionally, the most exported Moroccan hashish was consumed in Spain and the Netherlands, although it can be found in many other countries inside or outside Europe. Even so, the more you travel to the East, the less Moroccan hash you will find, being replaced by resins from other producing countries such as Lebanon, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal or India.
Moroccan hashish today
We could say that, since the beginning of the new millennium, hashish production in Morocco He has experienced two revolutions. On the one hand, and as observed by UNODC, we have total quantities of hashish produced and hectares of cannabis cultivated. A few years after feminized cannabis seeds appeared on the market, they could already be found in Rif crops. Cultivating only female plants allowed farmers to have much better resin yields in their fields, which caused an increase in the total amount of hashish produced. The funny thing is that, at the same time, the total amount of hectares of cultivated cannabis in the Rif area it decreased every year.
Higher benefits also allowed farmers to improve their crops with wells, irrigation systems, nutrients for cannabis and new seeds, although the technique used to produce hashish was basically the same as in recent decades. The new resin extraction systems did not arrive until a few years later, coinciding with the appearance of cannabis social clubs in Spain.
On the other hand, the current situation in Spain has had a great impact on both cultivation and resin extraction techniques in Morocco. Modern producers now have to satisfy the tastes of an increasingly demanding audience, members of hundreds of cannabis social clubs in Spain. Therefore, classical strains such as Black Domina, Amnesia Haze o Critical Mass have been cultivated for years in the Rif area, while new hybrids such as Nicole Kush or Barbara Bud They are also grown in many fields.
The techniques used today in Morocco are many and diverse: dry sieving (in some cases with quality imported meshes), ice water hash, rosin hash and even BHO. Even so, one of the most appreciated products in Spain is fresh sieve, produced by sieving fresh plants. It is obvious that the production of hashish in Morocco, which remained unchanged for decades, has undergone a real revolution during the last 15 years, mainly thanks to the introduction of new strains and screening techniques. A revolution that we are glad to witness!
Happy crops of hashish!